A professional detailing operation will have a few dozen different consumable chemicals as well as a handful of important pieces of equipment used in providing high-quality detailing. It is important to set up and maintain a supply system so that the detail shop can continuously operate in a highly efficient and effective manner. This will reduce downtime due to running out of key chemicals or broken-down equipment.
Entering into a detail business will require some initial expenses, including chemicals, equipment, and tools. Seek out a supplier that will provide a full range of detailing supplies along with training on how to use those supplies, an easy re-supply process, as well as follow-up technical support.
The importance of using professional-grade supplies cannot be over-emphasized. These products are designed just for use on automobile surfaces. Their proper use yields the utmost efficiency (speed of delivery) and effectiveness (quality of final result). So, with high-quality supplies, you or your technicians will be able to deliver better results faster. Additionally, your customers will be impressed by the consistency of labels across the different bottles. Your customers will not be impressed if they see you using products that are available at the local discount store.
The same goes for equipment. There are a number of pieces of equipment that most professional detailers will agree are necessary or even essential for the operation of a high-quality, efficient detail shop. Such things as a pressure washer, high-speed polisher, random-orbit polisher, shop vacuum, hot-water extractor, and dry-vapor steam machine are on that list. Choosing high-quality models of the equipment will help you get the job done faster and better, and reduce the possibility of equipment breakdowns that lead to downtime.
Each day, during the operation of a detail business, equipment and supplies are used and chemicals are depleted. Hence, it is necessary to clean and re-supply the operation on a daily basis. I recommend allowing time at the end of each workday to tidy up the shop or mobile vehicle.
During this “regrouping” period, trash is discarded, used towels and pads are placed in separate bins (or washed if the bin is full), dispenser bottles are topped off, carts are cleaned and organized, equipment is prepared for the next day, and everything gets put back in its proper place.
If you have multiple stations, I recommend having a labeling system — like colored vinyl tape — to indicate “cart ownership” of each item. At the end of the day, it’s easy to then determine which equipment, tools, and bottles go with which station. And make it the responsibility of each team to maintain their area.
An important but often overlooked part of the daily maintenance is caring for the hot-water extractor. Pour an ounce or less of odor neutralizer into the remaining water in the solution tank and suck it out using the extractor nozzle. This will rinse out the inside of the hose with clean water and remove the excess solution from the clean tank at the same time. Leave the vacuum on for a minute or two so as to remove excess water from the vacuum tube. Then empty and rinse the recovery tank. Finally, leave all tanks open so that they can air out overnight. If you perform this simple task faithfully everyday, you will never have odor problems with your extractor.
An easy way to top off liquid chemicals is to have a pouring station, which consists of a five-shelf unit with five-gallon containers on each shelf. Each container has a pour spout that fits right into the top of the open trigger sprayers. The pouring station concept makes pre-dilution easy. For example, if you have a product that should be diluted 4:1, you simply pour a gallon of the product into the container, then fill the remaining five-gallon capacity with water.
Other chemicals will probably be topped off from a cabinet containing the back-up supplies. Have a clipboard hanging on the inside of the cabinet with a list of chemicals and supplies. When a technician uses the last of a product or notices that a product is getting low, he or she can make a checkmark next to the item on the list. Then, once a week or month, you can check the list and order noted supplies.
For larger operations, you may want to designate one person in charge of supply. The responsibilities of this person will be to check the cabinets on a daily or weekly basis for supplies that are low, and then place orders with suppliers. Having one person in charge reduces confusion and the classic “I thought you ordered it.”
For high-use items such as multi-purpose cleaners or dressings, you may want to order in larger quantities like five-gallon or fifty-five-gallon drum. Also, establish a “cut-off/order-now” point on each container. For example, order a new gallon of wax when the current supply drops to one-quarter full. To reduce the possibility of running out, you could even draw a permanent ink line at the cut-off/order-now point on each bottle.
Create a laundry system for all of your towels and applicators. I recommend having stackable bins that are labeled to keep the different towels separate. Once a particular bin is full, it can be dumped into the washer for cleaning. Thus, all towels are kept separate according to application (e.g., body towels, window towels) through the entire laundry process. This requires having a supply of towels that is large enough so that a load can be washing while all technicians still have a plentiful supply of clean towels.
For mobile operators, daily upkeep also includes topping off fuel tanks, topping off water tanks, and emptying recovery tanks as necessary.
MONTHLY EQUIPMENT REVIEW
High-quality equipment tends to be reliable and durable. Sometimes we take this for granted and ignore equipment maintenance until it breaks down.
Successful manufacturing operations around the world subscribe to the notion of preventative maintenance for their equipment. Likewise, a detail shop can be thought of as a “factory” of sorts, with the “assembly” equipment being our polishers, extractors, and the like. Thus, we can take a lesson from large manufacturing successes and create a “preventative maintenance program” to keep our equipment up-and-running all the time.
For most operations, this might be a monthly task. For larger operations, it may be necessary to increase frequency to weekly. A supervisor, manager, or owner should be involved in this activity as an outside observer. The technicians use the equipment on a daily basis and may not notice (conveniently or otherwise) that a piece of equipment is falling into disrepair.
Plug in and turn on each piece of equipment to check for normal functionality. Check the entire length of the power cord for damage or worn insulation. Lubricate appropriate moving parts, such as wheels on extractors. “Detail” the equipment; for example, the plastic body of an extractor can be cleaned with multi-purpose cleaner and then dressed with your favorite plastic/vinyl dressing.
For some high-use equipment, you may want to consider having a backup. For example, it would be wise to have an extra unit of a random-orbit polisher that is used to apply wax on almost every car.
MAINTENANCE AND SUPPLY OFFICER
Remember in grade school, at the beginning of the year the teacher would assign specific tasks to individuals in the classroom? There was the window monitor, the trash monitor, and the chalkboard monitor, for example. This concept of designating an individual to have specific responsibilities is a sound one that is practiced in efficiently run operations of all types. We can reduce problems with supply and maintenance by designating a responsible individual to monitor these areas.
In smaller operations, this individual might be the supervisor or manager. In larger operations, it might be a technician who not only works on cars but also is allowed time to perform maintenance and supply activities.
At the same time, I believe it is important for individual technicians to be responsible for their own areas. Thus, those in charge should allow time at the end of the workday for technicians to perform daily maintenance activities and “clean up their station.”
It is frustrating to be in the middle of a job and run out of a key chemical or discover that a piece of equipment is not operating correctly. The resulting downtime is costly to the business. To avoid these problems, set up daily and monthly supply and maintenance procedures that will help to keep your operation running smoothly.
Prentice St. Clair is an International Detailing Association Recognized Trainer and Certified Detailer. As the president of Detail in Progress Inc., he has been providing training and consulting to car washes and detail shops since 1999. He is available at (619) 701-1100 or email@example.com.